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Table 5 Fatty acid composition of TAG as a percentage of total TAG, and TAG as a percentage of total lipid or dry weight

From: Survey of the total fatty acid and triacylglycerol composition and content of 30 duckweed species and cloning of a Δ6-desaturase responsible for the production of γ-linolenic and stearidonic acids in Lemna gibba

  Fatty acids (% of total) % TAG per mg of lipid % TAG per mg dry weight
  14:0 16:0 16:1 18:0 18:1 18:2 18:3 (GLA) 18:3 (ALA) 18:4 20:0 22:0
Landoltia punctata 0.6 ± 0.21 39.6 ± 9.4 n.d. 2 5.4 ± 0.6 6.7 ± 1.4 12.2 ± 1.2 n.d. 35.5 ± 7.9 n.d. n.d. n.d. 0.7 ± 0.1 0.06 ± 0.01
Lemna aequinoctialis 2 ± 0.5 36.1 ± 1.9 n.d. 28.4 ± 1.8 3.8 ± 1.2 11.9 ± 1.6 n.d. 17.8 ± 3 n.d. n.d. n.d. 0.6 ± 0.1 0.06 ± 0.01
Lemna disperma 2.7 ± 0.4 44 ± 12.6 n.d. 22.1 ± 10.2 7.3 ± 7.3 10.4 ± 1.7 n.d. 13.4 ± 3.1 n.d. n.d. n.d. 0.5 ± 0.1 0.05 ± 0.02
Lemna gibba 0.3 ± 0.1 30.5 ± 2.3 n.d. 6.2 ± 0.6 7.1 ± 1.8 17 ± 1.3 n.d. 33 ± 2.3 5.9 ± 1.1 n.d. n.d. 0.5 ± 0.1 0.06 ± 0.00
Lemna japonica 1.9 ± 0.7 36.2 ± 1.7 n.d. 6.6 ± 0.6 3.4 ± 0.1 22.9 ± 0.9 5.5 ± 0.5 18.5 ± 0.5 5.1 ± 0.1 n.d. n.d. 0.9 ± 0.0 0.08 ± 0.01
Lemna minor 2.5 ± 0.4 44 ± 1.9 n.d. 15 ± 0.5 4.1 ± 1.0 12.5 ± 1.9 n.d. 22 ± 0.9 n.d. n.d. n.d. 0.3 ± 0.0 0.03 ± 0.01
Lemna minuta 1.1 ± 0.1 38.4 ± 0.5 n.d. 11.1 ± 0.5 6.9 ± 0.1 16.3 ± 0.7 n.d. 26.2 ± 1.1 n.d. n.d. n.d. 0.8 ± 0.1 0.06 ± 0.01
Lemna obscura 1.7 ± 0.2 29.2 ± 4.2 n.d. 16.1 ± 1.6 3.8 ± 1.2 13.7 ± 1.6 n.d. 31.5 ± 6.1 3.9 ± 0.9 n.d. n.d. 0.7 ± 0.2 0.05 ± 0.00
Lemna perpusilla 0.8 ± 0.0 35.2 ± 0.2 n.d. 8.4 ± 1.3 5.2 ± 0.5 23.3 ± 0.0 n.d. 23.8 ± 3.2 n.d. 1.6 ± 0.2 1.6 ± 0.9 1.4 ± 0.2 0.08 ± 0.01
Lemna tenera 1.2 ± 0.1 46.7 ± 1.1 n.d. 17 ± 3.5 5.9 ± 0.1 12.3 ± 1.1 n.d. 17 ± 2.9 n.d. n.d. n.d. 0.9 ± 0.2 0.06 ± 0.01
Lemna triscula 1.1 ± 0.1 20.7 ± 1.3 n.d. 7 ± 1.3 1.8 ± 0.1 32.7 ± 0.5 3.3 ± 0.7 33.5 ± 0.6 n.d. n.d. n.d. 0.6 ± 0.1 0.04 ± 0.01
Lemna turionefera 1.6 ± 0.3 30.5 ± 2.2 n.d. 9.4 ± 0.2 2.5 ± 0.7 20.3 ± 2.7 5.8 ± 0.1 25.9 ± 1.4 4.1 ± 1.1 n.d. n.d. 0.6 ± 0.1 0.05 ± 0.01
Lemna valdiviana 1.3 ± 0.0 36.3 ± 2.2 n.d. 13 ± 2.0 5.4 ± 0.4 15.7 ± 0.9 n.d. 28.4 ± 2.3 n.d. n.d. n.d. 0.6 ± 0.1 0.05 ± 0.01
Spirodela intermedia 2 ± 0.6 41.8 ± 2.1 n.d. 22.7 ± 3.1 3.3 ± 1.3 4.7 ± 1.3 n.d. 25.6 ± 1.7 n.d. n.d. n.d. 0.4 ± 0.1 0.03 ± 0.00
Spirodela polyrhiza 1.6 ± 0.3 42.4 ± 3.9 n.d. 12.2 ± 4.1 3.7 ± 0.9 10.1 ± 1.0 n.d. 29.9 ± 0.1 n.d. n.d. n.d. 0.2 ± 0.0 0.02 ± 0.00
Wolffia angusta 1.9 ± 0.1 34.2 ± 1.2 n.d. 14.2 ± 0.4 9.80.02 29.6 ± 0.7 n.d. 10.3 ± 0.8 n.d. n.d. n.d. 1.3 ± 0.2 0.1 ± 0.01
Wolffia arrhiza 5.3 ± 0.3 33.9 ± 2.9 n.d. 17.4 ± 0.8 6.8 ± 2.0 23.7 ± 1.0 n.d. 12.9 ± 1.7 n.d. n.d. n.d. 0.6 ± 0.1 0.05 ± 0.00
Wolffia australiana 2.5 ± 0.5 38.1 ± 5.5 n.d. 24.3 ± 2.7 7.4 ± 2.7 17 ± 3.7 n.d. 10.8 ± 1.9 n.d. n.d. n.d. 0.2 ± 0.1 0.02 ± 0.01
Wolffia borealis 6.4 ± 0.4 38.5 ± 3.4 n.d. 34.5 ± 3.0 n.d. 9 ± 4.3 n.d. 11.7 ± 2.9 n.d. n.d. n.d. 0.3 ± 0.1 0.04 ± 0.02
Wolffia brasiliensis 1.3 ± 0.0 46.1 ± 0.3 n.d. 32 ± 1.5 3.7 ± 0.0 8 ± 0.1 n.d. 8.9 ± 0.2 n.d. n.d. n.d. 0.8 ± 0.1 0.04 ± 0.00
Wolffia cylindracea 1.1 ± 0.2 54.7 ± 1.0 n.d. 7 ± 0.7 4.5 ± 0.9 24 ± 0.8 n.d. 8.7 ± 1.7 n.d. n.d. n.d. 1.0 ± 0.3 0.07 ± 0.02
Wolffia globosa 2.5 ± 0.7 43.8 ± 2.4 n.d. 25.2 ± 4.8 6.5 ± 6.1 9.3 ± 2.2 n.d. 12.6 ± 6.2 n.d. n.d. n.d. 0.6 ± 0.3 0.06 ± 0.03
Wolffia neglecta 4.5 ± 0.9 48.5 ± 1.5 n.d. 29.1 ± 0.3 4.9 ± 1.2 6.6 ± 1.5 n.d. 6.5 ± 1.3 n.d. n.d. n.d. 0.3 ± 0.0 0.04 ± 0.00
Wolffiella caudata 1.6 ± 0.1 51.2 ± 1.3 n.d. 9.8 ± 1.5 3 ± 0.3 17.1 ± 0.1 n.d. 17.3 ± 1.6 n.d. n.d. n.d. 0.7 ± 0.1 0.05 ± 0.01
Wolffiella hyalina 2.1 ± 0.6 47.1 ± 3.2 n.d. 15.7 ± 1.4 9.8 ± 1.6 14.5 ± 2.0 n.d. 10.9 ± 1.4 n.d. n.d. n.d. 0.6 ± 0.1 0.06 ± 0.01
Wolffiella lingulata 1.8 ± 0.2 47 ± 2.1 n.d. 32.3 ± 3.7 3.8 ± 0.7 5.9 ± 0.7 n.d. 9.2 ± 2.7 n.d. n.d. n.d. 2.7 ± 0.3 0.15 ± 0.02
Wolffiella neotropica 1.9 ± 0.4 47.2 ± 2.7 n.d. 23.8 ± 5.0 5.1 ± 4.6 7.1 ± 3.7 n.d. 14.9 ± 3.7 n.d. n.d. n.d. 0.9 ± 0.1 0.06 ± 0.01
Wolffiella oblonga 2.4 ± 0.1 39.3 ± 2.5 n.d. 24.8 ± 2.6 4.9 ± 3.5 12.7 ± 5.5 n.d. 15.9 ± 4.1 n.d. n.d. n.d. 1.1 ± 0.2 0.11 ± 0.00
Wolffiella repanda 1.7 ± 0.5 48.8 ± 4.9 n.d. 11.5 ± 1.3 3.5 ± 1.1 17.1 ± 1.5 n.d. 17.4 ± 2.9 n.d. n.d. n.d. 1.0 ± 0.1 0.07 ± 0.00
Wolffiella welwitschii 0.7 ± 0.3 52.9 ± 1.2 n.d. 19.3 ± 9.6 2.5 ± 0.6 14.3 ± 5.3 n.d. 10.3 ± 4.2 n.d. n.d. n.d. 0.9 ± 0.4 0.04 ± 0.01
  1. 1Values represent means ± standard deviation of three or more independent samples. 2n.d. indicates none detected.