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Table 2 Fatty acid composition as a percentage of total fatty acids of thirty species of duckweed and total fatty acid as a percent of dry weight

From: Survey of the total fatty acid and triacylglycerol composition and content of 30 duckweed species and cloning of a Δ6-desaturase responsible for the production of γ-linolenic and stearidonic acids in Lemna gibba

Species Fatty acids (% of total) Total FA /Dry Weight
14:0 16:0 16:1 18:0 18:1 18:2 18:3 (GLA) 18:3 (ALA) 18:4 20:0 22:0
Landoltia punctata 0.3 ± 0.11 24.88 ± 0.3 1.59 ± 0.2 6.57 ± 5.7 0.9 ± 0.4 5.77 ± 1.4 n.d.2 60 ± 8.7 n.d. n.d. n.d. 7.8 ± 0.6
Lemna aequinoctialis 0.6 ± 0.1 26.95 ± 0.6 0.5 ± 0.1 5.51 ± 1.8 1.2 ± 0.2 18.44 ± 0.9 n.d. 45.99 ± 2.0 n.d. 0.3 ± 0.1 0.5 ± 0.4 9.3 ± 1.9
Lemna disperma 0.7 ± 0.1 22.1 ± 0.4 2.1 ± 0.4 1.6 ± 0.3 2.3 ± 0.5 12.7 ± 0.2 1.6 ± 0.2 48.9 ± 0.9 7.5 ± 0.1 0.2 ± 0.0 0.3 ± 0.0 11.4 ± 0.9
Lemna gibba 0.7 ± 0.2 21.51 ± 0.8 3.62 ± 0.3 3.12 ± 0.8 2.11 ± 0.3 11.06 ± 0.7 1.81 ± 0.2 47.14 ± 0.3 7.74 ± 0.4 0.7 ± 0.0 0.5 ± 0.2 11.2 ± 1.2
Lemna japonica 1.1 ± 0.1 18.86 ± 0.2 2.11 ± 0.0 1.5 ± 0.1 2.21 ± 0.0 21.16 ± 0.1 4.51 ± 0.1 40.62 ± 0.0 6.92 ± 0.1 0.4 ± 0.0 0.6 ± 0.1 8.0 ± 0.5
Lemna minor 0.55 ± 0.0 21.74 ± 0.5 2.76 ± 0.0 2.1 ± 0.4 1.77 ± 0.1 15.89 ± 0.3 n.d. 54.42 ± 0.7 n.d. 0.33 ± 0.0 0.44 ± 0.1 10.6 ± 0.8
Lemna minuta 0.7 ± 0.1 19.32 ± 0.2 1.8 ± 0.0 1.5 ± 0.1 2.2 ± 0.1 15.12 ± 0.3 n.d. 59.06 ± 0.3 n.d. 0.1 ± 0.0 0.2 ± 0.0 7.7 ± 0.1
Lemna obscura 0.7 ± 0.1 20.74 ± 0.1 1.4 ± 0.1 2.2 ± 0.2 2.1 ± 0.1 15.03 ± 0.2 1.8 ± 0.1 49.2 ± 0.3 5.61 ± 0.2 0.5 ± 0.1 0.7 ± 0.0 7.5 ± 1.3
Lemna perpusilla 0.9 ± 0.1 22.47 ± 0.6 1.2.0.1 2.61 ± 0.5 3.01 ± 0.2 19.56 ± 0.9 n.d. 48.95 ± 2.5 n.d. 0.5 ± 0.0 0.8 ± 0.3 5.5 ± 0.7
Lemna tenera 0.7 ± 0.1 28.06 ± 1.3 1 ± 0.1 2.1 ± 0.0 2.51 ± 0.1 17.23 ± 0.2 n.d. 48.4 ± 1.5 n.d. n.d. n.d. 6.7 ± 0.6
Lemna triscula 1.1 ± 0.1 19.74 ± 0.4 2 ± 0.1 1.7 ± 0.1 2.2 ± 0.0 23.85 ± 0.7 2.3 ± 0.1 43.29 ± 0.1 2.81 ± 0.3 0.5 ± 0.1 0.5 ± 0.0 5.9 ± 0.0
Lemna turionefera 1.11 ± 0.1 18.45 ± 0.0 2.22 ± 0.1 1.41 ± 0.1 1.71 ± 0.0 18.75 ± 0.1 3.02 ± 0.5 46.07 ± 0.7 6.35 ± 0.0 0.3 ± 0.0 0.6 ± 0.1 8.3 ± 0.1
Lemna valdiviana 0.7 ± 0.0 18.4 ± 0.2 1.2 ± 0.1 1.8 ± 0.2 2.3 ± 0.1 15.8 ± 0.0 0.7 ± 0.4 58.8 ± 0.7 n.d. 0.1 ± 0.0 0.2 ± 0.1 8.0 ± 0.9
Spirodela intermedia 0.1 ± 0.0 32.83 ± 5.1 2.2 ± 0.2 3.8 ± 0.7 2.9 ± 0.1 5.21 ± 0.3 n.d. 51.85 ± 5.4 n.d. 0.4 ± 0.1 0.7 ± 0.2 8.4 ± 0.9
Spirodela polyrhiza 0.1 ± 0.1 24.44 ± 0.9 1.92 ± 0.5 4.04 ± 3.7 0.2 ± 0.0 4.95 ± 1.5 n.d. 64.04 ± 4.9 n.d. 0.1 ± 0.1 0.2 ± 0.0 7.5 ± 0.2
Wolffia angusta 0.6 ± 0.0 24.82 ± 0.1 0.4 ± 0.1 3.7 ± 0.9 3.2 ± 0.1 18.62 ± 0.3 n.d. 47.25 ± 0.8 n.d. 1 ± 0.0 0.4 ± 0.1 8.0 ± 0.9
Wolffia arrhiza 0.7 ± 0.4 23.94 ± 2.5 0.8 ± 0.3 2.21 ± 0.2 1.41 ± 0.3 24.45 ± 0.7 n.d. 45.27 ± 3.8 n.d. 0.7 ± 0.1 0.5 ± 0.1 8.9 ± 0.5
Wolffia australiana 0.4 ± 0.2 24.22 ± 5.8 2 ± 0.6 2 ± 0.8 1.9 ± 0.5 17.82 ± 0.2 1.7 ± 0.6 38.24 ± 5.5 10.11 ± 2.8 0.5 ± 0.2 1.1 ± 0.5 10.0 ± 0.4
Wolffia borealis 0.6 ± 0.2 27.67 ± 1.2 0.9 ± 0.4 7.39 ± 0.9 2.7 ± 1.1 25.47 ± 1.3 n.d. 34.17 ± 2.4 n.d. 1.1 ± 0.3 n.d. 14.2 ± 1.0
Wolffia brasiliensis 0.4 ± 0.0 29.55 ± 2.2 1.89 ± 0.0 3.98 ± 0.1 1.99 ± 0.3 18.91 ± 0.1 n.d. 40.3 ± 1.0 n.d. 1.29 ± 0.2 1.69 ± 0.0 5.6 ± 0.5
Wolffia cylindracea 0.3 ± 0.1 27.15 ± 1.1 1.8 ± 0.4 4.49 ± 1.7 1.1 ± 0.3 19.56 ± 0.2 n.d. 43.11 ± 2.1 2.1 ± 0.1 n.d. 0.4 ± 0.3 6.7 ± 0.4
Wolffia globosa 0.7 ± 0.1 30.36 ± 0.9 n.d. 2.91 ± 0.3 0.5 ± 0.2 14.03 ± 0.8 n.d. 49.2 ± 0.8 n.d. 0.7 ± 0.2 1.6 ± 0.4 11.1 ± 1.0
Wolffia neglecta 0.6 ± 0.1 24.53 ± 1.1 0.8 ± 0.3 5.38 ± 0.1 2.89 ± 0.7 24.13 ± 0.9 n.d. 39.98 ± 1.0 n.d. 0.9 ± 0.2 0.8 ± 0.6 12.5 ± 0.8
Wolffiella caudata 0.6 ± 0.0 22.65 ± 0.7 0.4 ± 0.0 1.8 ± 0.1 1.9 ± 0.1 24.95 ± 0.4 n.d. 46.11 ± 1.2 n.d. 0.6 ± 0.1 1 ± 0.0 7.0 ± 0.4
Wolffiella hyalina 0.3 ± 0.0 17.17 ± 0.4 1.5 ± 0.0 2.2 ± 0.3 3.49 ± 0.1 20.66 ± 0.2 n.d. 51.9 ± 0.9 n.d. 0.8 ± 0.1 2 ± 0.1 10.3 ± 1.2
Wolffiella lingulata 0.8 ± 0.1 36.34 ± 4.3 n.d. 7.41 ± 1.1 1.3 ± 0.2 15.82 ± 2.2 n.d. 38.34 ± 2.8 n.d. n.d. n.d. 5.7 ± 0.3
Wolffiella neotropica 0.6 ± 0.1 27.01 ± 1.6 0.2 ± 0.0 3.92 ± 0.6 0.6 ± 0.1 4.82 ± 0.6 n.d. 61.24 ± 1.9 n.d. 0.4 ± 0.0 1.2 ± 0.1 7.1 ± 0.3
Wolffiella oblonga 0.8 ± 0.0 30.16 ± 1.0 0.4 ± 0.0 3.91 ± 0.6 1.3 ± 0.0 11.62 ± 0.8 n.d. 47.09 ± 1.5 n.d. 1.1 ± 0.1 3.61 ± 0.1 10.0 ± 1.4
Wolffiella repanda 0.5 ± 0.1 25.45 ± 0.7 1 ± 0.2 2.51 ± 0.6 1.5 ± 0.8 16.03 ± 2.4 n.d. 51.3 ± 0.8 n.d. 0.3 ± 0.1 1.4 ± 0.2 7.6 ± 0.5
Wolffiella welwitschii 0.5 ± 0.1 26.65 ± 0.6 0.5 ± 0.2 2 ± 0.4 1.2 ± 0.9 17.84 ± 0.5 n.d. 49.1 ± 1.5 n.d. 0.6 ± 0.1 1.6 ± 0.2 4.6 ± 0.7
  1. 1Values represent means ± standard deviation of three or more independent samples. 2n.d. indicates none detected.