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Table 2 Number of bamboo FL-cDNAs and number of genes found in the rice genome that encode nine key enzymes in the lignin biosynthesis pathway.

From: Genome-wide characterization of the biggest grass, bamboo, based on 10,608 putative full-length cDNA sequences

Enzymes Bamboo cDNAs Rice genes Ratio (R/B)
4-coumarate-CoA ligase (4CL) 2 26 13.0
Caffeoyl caffeoyl-CoA O-methyltransferase (CCoAOMT) 9 10 1.1
Cinnamoyl-CoA reductase (CCR) 7 18 2.7
Caffeic acid O-methyltransferase (COMT) 2 10 5.0
Cinnamate-4-hydroxylase (C4H) 1 4 4.0
Cinnamoyl alcohol dehydrogenase (CAD) 6 21 3.5
Laccase 5 23 4.6
5-hydroxyconiferyl aldehyde O-methyltransferase (AldOMT) 1 7 7.0
3-deoxy-D-arabino-heptulosonate 7-phosphate synthase (DAHPS) 2 8 4.0
  1. The ratio of the number of rice genes to the number of bamboo cDNAs (R/B) is calculated.