Biochemistry and physiology

This section considers studies in the biochemistry and physiology of plants including research into photosynthesis and related processes.

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  1. Research article

    Metabolic and transcriptional elucidation of the carotenoid biosynthesis pathway in peel and flesh tissue of loquat fruit during on-tree development

    Carotenoids are the main colouring substances found in orange-fleshed loquat fruits. The aim of this study was to unravel the carotenoid biosynthetic pathway of loquat fruit (cv. ‘Obusa’) in peel and flesh tis...

    Margarita Hadjipieri, Egli C. Georgiadou, Alicia Marin, Huertas M. Diaz-Mula, Vlasios Goulas, Vasileios Fotopoulos, Francisco A. Tomás-Barberán and George A. Manganaris

    BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:102

    Published on: 14 June 2017

  2. Research article

    Analysis of the lipid body proteome of the oleaginous alga Lobosphaera incisa

    Lobosphaera incisa (L. incisa) is an oleaginous microalga that stores triacylglycerol (TAG) rich in arachidonic acid in lipid bodies (LBs). This organelle is gaining attention in algal...

    Heike Siegler, Oliver Valerius, Till Ischebeck, Jennifer Popko, Nicolas J. Tourasse, Olivier Vallon, Inna Khozin-Goldberg, Gerhard H. Braus and Ivo Feussner

    BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:98

    Published on: 6 June 2017

  3. Research article

    Proanthocyanidin accumulation and transcriptional responses in the seed coat of cranberry beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) with different susceptibility to postharvest darkening

    Edible dry beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) that darken during postharvest storage are graded lower and are less marketable than their non-darkened counterparts. Seed coat darkening in susceptible genotypes is depen...

    José A. Freixas Coutin, Seth Munholland, Anjali Silva, Sanjeena Subedi, Lewis Lukens, William L. Crosby, K. Peter Pauls and Gale G. Bozzo

    BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:89

    Published on: 25 May 2017

  4. Research article

    Ethephon induced oxidative stress in the olive leaf abscission zone enables development of a selective abscission compound

    Table olives (Olea europaea L.), despite their widespread production, are still harvested manually. The low efficiency of manual harvesting and the rising costs of labor have reduced the profitability of this cro...

    S. Goldental-Cohen, C. Burstein, I. Biton, S. Ben Sasson, A. Sadeh, Y. Many, A. Doron-Faigenboim, H. Zemach, Y. Mugira, D. Schneider, R. Birger, S. Meir, S. Philosoph-Hadas, V. Irihomovitch, S. Lavee, B. Avidan…

    BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:87

    Published on: 16 May 2017

  5. Research article

    Cell separation in kiwifruit without development of a specialised detachment zone

    Unlike in abscission or dehiscence, fruit of kiwifruit Actinidia eriantha develop the ability for peel detachment when they are ripe and soft in the absence of a morphologically identifiable abscission zone. Two ...

    Roneel Prakash, Ian C. Hallett, Sally F. Wong, Sarah L. Johnston, Erin M. O’Donoghue, Peter A. McAtee, Alan G. Seal, Ross G. Atkinson and Roswitha Schröder

    BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:86

    Published on: 10 May 2017

  6. Research article

    The role of Tre6P and SnRK1 in maize early kernel development and events leading to stress-induced kernel abortion

    Drought stress during flowering is a major contributor to yield loss in maize. Genetic and biotechnological improvement in yield sustainability requires an understanding of the mechanisms underpinning yield lo...

    Samuel W. Bledsoe, Clémence Henry, Cara A. Griffiths, Matthew J. Paul, Regina Feil, John E. Lunn, Mark Stitt and L. Mark Lagrimini

    BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:74

    Published on: 12 April 2017

  7. Research article

    Morintides: cargo-free chitin-binding peptides from Moringa oleifera

    Hevein-like peptides are a family of cysteine-rich and chitin-binding peptides consisting of 29–45 amino acids. Their chitin-binding property is essential for plant defense against fungi. Based on the number o...

    Shruthi G. Kini, Ka H. Wong, Wei Liang Tan, Tianshu Xiao and James P. Tam

    BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:68

    Published on: 31 March 2017

  8. Research article

    Single amino acid substitutions in the selectivity filter render NbXIP1;1α aquaporin water permeable

    Aquaporins (AQPs) are integral membrane proteins that facilitate transport of water and/or other small neutral solutes across membranes in all forms of life. The X Intrinsic Proteins (XIPs) are the most recent...

    Henry Ampah-Korsah, Yonathan Sonntag, Angelica Engfors, Andreas Kirscht, Per Kjellbom and Urban Johanson

    BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:61

    Published on: 9 March 2017

  9. Research article

    Effects of glucose on the uptake and metabolism of glycine in pakchoi (Brassica chinensis L.) exposed to various nitrogen sources

    Plants can absorb amino acids as a nitrogen (N) source, and glucose is an important part of root rhizodeposition and the soil sugar pool, which participates in the regulation of plant growth and uptake. In pak...

    Qingxu Ma, Xiaochuang Cao, Yinan Xie, Han Xiao, Xiaoli Tan and Lianghuan Wu

    BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:58

    Published on: 2 March 2017

  10. Research article

    Metabolomic analysis of pathways related to rice grain chalkiness by a notched-belly mutant with high occurrence of white-belly grains

    Grain chalkiness is a highly undesirable trait deleterious to rice appearance and milling quality. The physiological and molecular foundation of chalkiness formation is still partially understood, because of t...

    Zhaomiao Lin, Xincheng Zhang, Zunxin Wang, Yutong Jiang, Zhenghui Liu, Danny Alexander, Ganghua Li, Shaohua Wang and Yanfeng Ding

    BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:39

    Published on: 7 February 2017

  11. Research article

    Whole genome-wide transcript profiling to identify differentially expressed genes associated with seed field emergence in two soybean low phytate mutants

    Seed germination is important to soybean (Glycine max) growth and development, ultimately affecting soybean yield. A lower seed field emergence has been the main hindrance for breeding soybeans low in phytate. Al...

    Fengjie Yuan, Xiaomin Yu, Dekun Dong, Qinghua Yang, Xujun Fu, Shenlong Zhu and Danhua Zhu

    BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:16

    Published on: 18 January 2017

  12. Research article

    Overexpression of PaNAC03, a stress induced NAC gene family transcription factor in Norway spruce leads to reduced flavonol biosynthesis and aberrant embryo development

    The NAC family of transcription factors is one of the largest gene families of transcription factors in plants and the conifer NAC gene family is at least as large, or possibly larger, as in Arabidopsis. These tr...

    Kerstin Dalman, Julia Johanna Wind, Miguel Nemesio-Gorriz, Almuth Hammerbacher, Karl Lundén, Ines Ezcurra and Malin Elfstrand

    BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:6

    Published on: 6 January 2017

  13. Research article

    Major Cys protease activities are not essential for senescence in individually darkened Arabidopsis leaves

    Papain-like Cys Proteases (PLCPs) and Vacuolar Processing Enzymes (VPEs) are amongst the most highly expressed proteases during leaf senescence in Arabidopsis. Using activity-based protein profiling (ABPP), a ...

    Adriana Pružinská, Takayuki Shindo, Sherry Niessen, Farnusch Kaschani, Réka Tóth, A. Harvey Millar and Renier A. L. van der Hoorn

    BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:4

    Published on: 6 January 2017

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